An elderly Jewish man, beaten in front of Brygidki prison during the Lviv pogroms, tries to crawl to safety. German soldiers in the foreground pass by him, as Ukrainian civilians in the background cover their faces to shield themselves from the stench of the corpses of prisoners who were killed by members of the Soviet NKVD; a law enforcement agency of the Soviet Union that directly executed the rule of power of the All Union Communist Party and was closely associated with the Soviet secret police. In late September 1939, following the German and Soviet aggression on Poland, Lwów Voivodeship was divided by the two victorious sides. The western part of the Voivodeship was annexed by Germany and added to the General Goverment. But the city of Lwów was occupied by the Soviets and, together with eastern part of the Voivodeship, was incorporated into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Immediately after the Germans entered Lwów following the invasion of the Soviet Union, German Einsatzgruppen (SS paramilitary death squads) with the participation of Ukrainian nationalists organized a pogrom in retaliation for the retreating NKVD’s mass-murder of approximately 2,000 to 10,000 prisoners (including Polish, Ukrainian and Jewish intellectuals and political activists, as well as many common criminals) at Lwów’s three prisons. According to victim lists, a large number of the victims were Ukrainian. Although a significant number of Jews had also been among the victims of the NKVD massacre, Jews were collectively accused by the German authorities of having been active perpetrators of that massacre. German propagandists went to work spreading rumors and showing distorted films that purported to implicate the Jews in the killing of the Ukrainian prisoners. These instigations inflamed the local Ukrainian minority, who then took vigilante action against the Jewish population of the city by rounding up and beating, humiliating and killing thousands. Lviv, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine (before September 1939, Lwów, Lwów Voivodeship, Poland.) July 1941.
Well, if these Ukrainians were educated and had some sense enough, they would not just do like what they did.